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August 15 | Independence Day of India 2023

 Independence Day of India

On Friday, August 15, 1947, India gained independence from British rule. Every year, this day is celebrated as India's Independence Day.  The British East India Company came to India for business purposes but they ruled and exploited India for 200 years by abandoning trade on the basis of India's weak defense system.  At the end of the 2nd World War in 1946, the British exchequer did not have the money to spend on the growing movement in India.  The Indian Congress Party played a leading role in leading the vigorous agitation against the British. 

At that time the educated generation in India actively participated in the freedom movement and accelerated the movement. On top of this, the British became more concerned about their own internal affairs and started thinking of withdrawing their troops from India. In this situation, two independent states named India and Pakistan were born in 1947. Indian nationalist leaders of the time Jawaharlal Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad, Mohammad Ali Jinnah accepted the partition of India proposal on the basis of religion.

Since then every year 15th August is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm. Pakistan gained independence on August 14, 1947. Present Bangladesh was part of Pakistan in 1947 and was named East Pakistan. Later East Pakistan gained independence from Pakistan in 1971 and emerged as another independent country Bangladesh. That is, the whole of India was divided into three countries.

While 15th August is a day of independence and joy in India, 15th August is a very painful day in Bangladesh as Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the main hero of Bangladesh's independence, was killed on 15th August 1975. Independence Day of Pakistan is celebrated with great festivity and joy. The day is celebrated in state and various private institutions. Educational institutions, government and private institutions are closed.

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, hoisted the Indian national flag at the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi after being sworn in on 15 August 1947. Every year on the occasion of Independence Day, the Prime Minister hoists the national flag and delivers a speech. 

1929 National Congress Party session held in Lahore declared 26th January as India's Independence Day. Congress party observed 26th January as Independence Day from 1930 to 19046. However, after the independence of India from the British on 15 August 1947, this day is celebrated as Independence Day by everyone.

On the occasion of the current Independence Day, various national activities including flag hoisting, cultural programs, parades are undertaken every year and public holidays are observed in schools and colleges. India's freedom was not granted by the British but they were forced to flee India in the face of Indian agitation. Hence, this day is very important and proud for every Indian citizen.


  • When is India's Independence Day?

  • Why is freedom necessary for a nation?

  • How was India subjugated?

  • How many years did the British rule India?

  • Why did the British leave India?

  • What was the main purpose of the British coming to India?

  • When was the first Independence Day celebrated?

  • Which political party declared the independence of India?

  • On what basis was India divided?

  • When is Independence Day in Pakistan?

  • How many parts were there in Pakistan?

  • Why did Bangladesh separate from Pakistan?

  • Why is August 15 sad for the people of Bangladesh?

  • Which president first formally hoisted the national flag of India?

  • India is currently divided into how many parts?

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